Reginald Lewis was born to a working-class family in Baltimore in 1942. A successful athlete in high school, Lewis earned a total of nine varsity letters during those four years for baseball, football, and basketball. Lewis would go on to graduate from Virginia State College for his undergraduate degree, then move onto graduating from Harvard Law School three years later.
From 1973 to 1989, after several years building a law career, Lewis became a successful and prominent corporate lawyer in private practice on Wall Street, becoming a partner at the first black law firm there. By 1983, Lewis had entered Wall Street and New York finance circles’ elite group. Lewis became known as the “Jackie Robinson of dealmaking” for his brinksmanship in financial litigation and mediation. Building on this reputation, Lewis began his own company — the TLC Group — which quickly turned a profit of more than $50 million for Lewis.
His first major deal was the purchase of the McCall Pattern Company, a home sewing pattern business for $22.5 million. Within one year, he turned the company around by freeing up capital tied in fixed assets such as building and machinery, finding a new use for machinery during downtime by manufacturing greeting cards. He further strengthened McCall by containing costs, improving quality, beginning to export to China, and emphasizing new product introductions. This new combination led to the company’s most profitable year in its history. He later sold McCall at a 90-1 return, resulting in a tremendous profit for investors.
In 1987, Lewis bought Beatrice International Foods from Beatrice Companies for $985 million, renaming it TLC Beatrice International, a snack food, beverage, and grocery store conglomerate that was the largest African-American owned and managed business in the U.S. When TLC Beatrice reported revenue of $1.8 billion in 1987, it became the first black-owned company to have more than $1 billion in annual sales. At its peak in 1996, TLC Beatrice International Holdings Inc. had sales of $2.2 billion and was number 512 on Fortune magazine’s list of 1,000 largest companies.
With his net worth approaching $400 million and his name high atop the Forbes Magazine list of wealthiest Americans, Lewis became the wealthiest black man in the history of the country. Realizing this wealth, Lewis became a philanthropist and founded the Reginald Lewis Foundation in 1987. The foundation quickly became one of his life’s most important priorities and donated millions of dollars to various non-profits including Howard University, and Harvard Law School.
Reginald Lewis succumbed unexpectedly to brain cancer in 1993 at the young age of 53.
Major Martin Delany, in full Martin Robison Delany also called Martin R. Delany, (born May 6, 1812, Charles Town, Virginia, U.S.—died January 24, 1885, Xenia, Ohio), African American abolitionist, physician, and editor in the pre-Civil War period; his espousal of black nationalism and racial pride anticipated expressions of such views a century later.
In search of quality education for their children, the Delanys moved to Pennsylvania when Martin was a child. At 19, while studying nights at an African American church, he worked days in Pittsburgh. Embarking on a course of militant opposition to slavery, he became involved in several racial improvement groups. Under the tutelage of two sympathetic physicians, he achieved competence as a doctor’s assistant as well as in dental care, working in this capacity in the South and Southwest (1839).
Returning to Pittsburgh, Delany started a weekly newspaper, the Mystery, which publicized grievances of blacks in the United States and also championed women’s rights. The paper won an excellent reputation, and its articles were often reprinted in the white press. From 1846 to 1849 he worked in partnership with the abolitionist leader Frederick Douglass in Rochester, New York, where they published another weekly, the North Star. After three years Delany decided to pursue formal medical studies; he was one of the first blacks to be admitted to Harvard Medical School and became a leading Pittsburgh physician.
In the 1850s Delany developed an overriding interest in foreign colonization opportunities for African Americans, and in 1859–60 he led an exploration party to West Africa to investigate the Niger Delta as a location for settlement.
In protest against oppressive conditions in the United States, Delany moved in 1856 to Canada, where he continued his medical practice. At the beginning of the Civil War (1861–65) he returned to the United States and helped recruit troops for the famous 54th Massachusetts Volunteers, for which he served as a surgeon. To counter a desperate Southern scheme to impress its slaves into the military forces late in the war, in February 1865, Delany was made a major (the first black man to receive a regular army commission) and was assigned to Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, to recruit and organize former slaves for the North. When peace came in April he became an official in the Freedmen’s Bureau, serving for the next two years.
In 1874 Delany ran unsuccessfully for lieutenant governor as an Independent Republican in South Carolina; thereafter his fortunes declined. He was the author of The Condition, Elevation, Emigration, and Destiny of the Colored People of the United States Politically Considered (1852).
source - URL: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Martin-R-Delany
Annie Malone was born on August 9, 1869, to two former slaves, one of whom, her father, was a member of the Union Army during the American Civil War. She did not finish high school and instead became a professional hairdresser, a profession she would later describe as being a “beauty doctor.”
By twenty years old, the entrepreneurial instinct in Annie had emerged in the form of two new products she developed on her own: a shampoo line and a growth/ straightening scalp treatment. Annie would personally sell these products in a shopping cart, traveling the streets of Peoria, Illinois giving mini-speeches about why her target market needed her products.
Annie eventually became successful enough to mobilize it to a more fitting market: Saint Louis, Missouri, home of the fourth largest African American population in the United States. It was in St. Louis that Annie expanded her business, ultimately trademarking her products and becoming one of the nation’s wealthiest black women.
It was by using this influence of wealth and business acumen that Annie was able to become an advocate for children and children’s programs, including to the YMCA and countless black orphanages around the United States.
To spread her business and cosmetology knowledge, Annie founded “Poro” Beauty Colleges around the country, named after the name she originally assumed for her business dealings. Annie Malone passed away on May 10, 1957 at age 88.
Annie built her empire in the city of St. Louis Missouri and every year the city of St. Louis celebrates her accomplishments holding the annual Annie Malone May Day Parade. The parade has its roots in a very significant event for Annie Malone:
It started with a mortgage burning-party, Malone and her staff had reason to celebrate, when more than 90 years ago, they paid off a loan on their building.
After that, the parade took on a new purpose: as a way for local businesses to showcase their products and services. The parade event is the longest running African-American parade and the second largest in the country (after the Bud Billikin parade in Chicago).
Here at Koils by Nature, we really care about what you put on your skin and hair. Most of our water-based products are infused with Calendula; our Moisturizing Shealoe Leave-In Conditioners, Herbal Curl Defining Gel, both Hair & Scalp Cleansers, Beard Wash, beard oil and beard moisturizers......
Calendula is an herb that invigorates hair by safeguarding it from damaging single-cell radicals. Calendula boots scalp hydration and relieve rashes, sunburns, minor cuts, scrapes, insect bites and other mild skin irritants. Calendula also prevents dandruff.
- Soothes rashes, sunburns, minor cuts, scrapes, insect bites and other mild skin irritations.
- Clears bacteria in skin pores
- Helps prevent dandruff
- Promotes healthy hair follicles.
- Promotes scalp hydration
- Protects hair and scalp against cell-damaging free radicals
- Promotes hair
HISTORY AND FOLKLORE
In medieval Europe, calendula was widely available and was known as “poor man’s saffron” as it was used to color and spice various foods, soup in particular. It was used not only to color foods, but also as a dye to color hair and to make butter look more yellow. Believed to be first cultivated by St. Hildegard of Bingen, an herbalist and nun practicing herbalism in the 11th century in present-day Germany, calendula is a mainstay in a variety of European historical herbal texts. A Niewe Herball, from 1578, by English botanist Henry Lyte states that calendula '… hath pleasant, bright and shining yellow flowers, the which do close at the setting down of the sun, and do spread and open again at the sun rising' referring to the flower's well-known propensity to open in the day and close at night or on overcast days.
Nicholas Culpepper, a 17th-century botanist, herbalist, and astrologist, mentioned using calendula juice mixed with vinegar as a rinse for the skin and scalp and that a tea of the flowers comforts the heart. Astrologically associated with the sun and the fire element, calendula was believed to imbue magical powers of protection and clairvoyance, and even to assist in legal matters. Flowers strung above doorposts were said to keep evil out and to protect one while sleeping if put under the bed. It was said that picking the flowers under the noonday sun will strengthen and comfort the heart.
Calendula was used in ancient times in India as well, and according to Ayurvedic healing principles is energetically cooling and has a bitter and pungent taste.
And, in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), calendula (called Jin Zhan Ju) is considered energetically neutral and drying and is used to support healthy skin.
Traditionally, in North American indigenous cultures, it has been employed to combat the occasional upset stomach. Traditional use mirrors many of our contemporary applications of this plant. site:: mountainroaseherbs.com
This year Koils by Nature had the amazing opportunity to partner with curlBox for their 2018 Father’s Day Box. The response was overwhelming and the customers LOVED the products. We’ve created a special code for our curlBox Family; save 25% on the entire site: use code Curlbox25